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About Iloilo and its History


Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region with its capital, Iloilo City, as the regional center. Because of its position, Iloilo is referred to as the Heart of the Philippines. People living here are called Ilonggos; they are most familiar with the local dialect Ilonggo and Kinaray-a.

Walking downtown, you can still see remnants of the past in the form of Spanish architecture buildings.

Brief History

Iloilo started with the name “Irong-Irong”. When the Spaniards came, they had a hard time pronouncing the word so the province’s name was eventually turn into “Iloilo”. Trading with Chinese and Indonesians was encouraged during the Spanish regime.

In the late 18th century, the province was known as the Textile Capital of the Philippines, exporting textiles to other parts of the world. However in the mid-19th century, this industry slowly weakened due to cheaper products offered by other countries. On the bright side, the sugar industry first established by British merchants started to grow. It became an important city to the country and was dubbed “Queen City of the South”. Sadly after World War II, Iloilo’s economy was damaged badly. Businessmen started to build their companies in other territories. Because of this, Iloilo’s economy improved little until the construction of fish ports and international seaport that helped make the city the regional center in Western Visayas.

Iloilo History (Wikipedia)

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