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About Bataan and its History


The Bataan Peninsula is a rocky extension of the Zambales Mountains, which separates the Manila Bay from the South China Sea. Bataan is often called the “Cradle of Heroes” due to the fact that the province was one very last vestiges of Philippine resistance to surrender to the invading Japanese forces during the last World War. As such, the province boasts of sites which commemorate the past such as the Dambana ng Kagitingan, Sto. Domingo Abucay Church, and the World War II markers. In contrast, modern day Bataan is quickly being recognized as a shining new eco-tourism destination boasting notable bird-watching sites, turtle sanctuaries, springs, and waterfalls. It is also the site of the controversial Bataan Nuclear Power Plant.

Brief History

The province of Bataan was originally called “Vatan” during the pre-Hispanic Madjapahit Empire in the Philippines. Geographically, Bataan is bounded on the north by the provinces of Zambales, on the northeast by Pampanga, on the west by South China Sea, and on the east by Manila Bay.

Bataan has more than its share of significant historical events: The dreaded Chinese pirate Limahong used Lusong point as a landing place in 1574; in 1647, the Dutch Naval Forces perpetrated the Abucay Massacre. However, the province is most well known for the Battle of Bataan -which was one of the last places where both American and Filipino soldiers made their stand against the invading Japanese. When the Filipinos and Americans lost to the Japanese, they were forced to march without food or water, an event coined as “Bataan Death March”.

Bataan History (Wikipedia)

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